Shock Algorithm, Manual of Medicine

Approach to Undifferentiated Shock, Manual of Medicine

Choc hémorragique

Martial arts technique for control of severe external bleedingEmerg Med J Published Online First: 05 January 2019. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2018-207966

Choc Septique

Fluides de réanimation: Lactate Ringer vs Salin

Balanced Multielectrolyte Solution versus Saline in Critically Ill Adults. Finfer S, Micallef S, Hammond N, Navarra L, Bellomo R, Billot L, Delaney A, Gallagher M, Gattas D, Li Q, Mackle D, Mysore J, Saxena M, Taylor C, Young P, Myburgh J; PLUS Study Investigators and the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group; PLUS Study Investigators and Australian New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group. N Engl J Med. 2022 Mar 3;386(9):815-826. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2114464. Epub 2022 Jan 18. PMID: 35041780.

Balanced crystalloids versus normal saline for fluid resuscitation in critically ill patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis. Liu C, Lu G, Wang D, Lei Y, Mao Z, Hu P, Hu J, Liu R, Han D, Zhou F. Am J Emerg Med. 2019 Nov;37(11):2072-2078. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2019.02.045. Epub 2019 Mar 1. PMID: 30852043 Free Article

CONCLUSIONS: Among critically ill patients receiving crystalloid fluid therapy, use of a balanced crystalloid compared with normal saline did not reduce the mortality, risk of severe AKI or RRT use rate. Further large randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm or refute this finding.

Balanced Crystalloids versus Saline in Critically Ill Adults. N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 1;378(9):829-839. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1711584. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Balanced Crystalloids versus Saline in Noncritically Ill Adults, W.H. Self and Others, N Engl J Med 2018;378:819-828 | Published Online February 27, 2018

Fluid volume, fluid balance and patient outcome in severe sepsis and septic shock: A systematic review. J Crit Care. 2018 Aug 20;48:153-159. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2018.08.018.

Choice of resuscitative fluids and mortality in emergency department patients with sepsis, Monica Sethi, Clark G Owyang, Chad Meyers, Ram Parekh, Kaushal H Shah, Alex F Manini, American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 October 7

What is the Preferred Resuscitation Fluid for Patients with Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock? Michael E.WintersMD, FAAEM, FACEP∗RobertSherwinMD†Gary M.VilkeMD‡GabrielWardiMD, MPH‡, The Journal of Emergency Medicine, Volume 53, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages 928-939,


Agreement between arterial and peripheral venous lactate levels in the emergency department: A systematic review. van Tienhoven AJ, van Beers CAJ, Siegert CEH. Am J Emerg Med. 2019 Jan 21. pii: S0735-6757(19)30040-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2019.01.034.