Protection

Mesures de protection

Mask Use and Ventilation Improvements to Reduce COVID-19 Incidence in Elementary Schools — Georgia, November 16–December 11, 2020. Gettings J, Czarnik M, Morris E, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ePub: 21 May 2021. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7021e1

A guideline to limit indoor airborne transmission of COVID-19, Martin Z. Bazant, John W. M. Bush, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Apr 2021, 118 (17) e2018995118; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2018995118

Avis sur les critères d'exemption du port du masque 210331

Infectious Diseases Society of America Guidelines on Infection Prevention for Health Care Personnel Caring for Patients with Suspected or Known COVID-19. Lynch JB, Davitkov P, Anderson DJ, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 27. pii: 5876809. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa1063. (Evidence-based guideline)
Table 4. Risk of SARS Transmission to HCWs Exposed and Not Exposed to Aerosol- Generating Procedures, and Aerosol-Generating Procedures as Risk Factors for SARS Transmission*. OR = Odds Ratio

Effectiveness of Adding a Mask Recommendation to Other Public Health Measures to Prevent SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Danish Mask Wearers : A Randomized Controlled Trial. Bundgaard H, Bundgaard JS, Raaschou-Pedersen DET, von Buchwald C, Todsen T, Norsk JB, Pries-Heje MM, Vissing CR, Nielsen PB, Winsløw UC, Fogh K, Hasselbalch R, Kristensen JH, Ringgaard A, Porsborg Andersen M, Goecke NB, Trebbien R, Skovgaard K, Benfield T, Ullum H, Torp-Pedersen C, Iversen K. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Nov 18:M20-6817. doi: 10.7326/M20-6817. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33205991; PMCID: PMC7707213.

Facial Masking for Covid-19 - Potential for "Variolation" as We Await a Vaccine. Gandhi M, Rutherford GW N Engl J Med. 2020; publication avancée en ligne le 8 septembre. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2026913
Article qui discute de la possibilité que l'exposition à de petites inhalations du virus puisse stimuler le système immunitaire, p/r à une grande inhalation qui surcharge le système immunitaire et rend malade.

Use of personal protective equipment against coronavirus disease 2019 by healthcare professionals in Wuhan, China: cross sectional study. Liu M, Cheng S-Z, Xu K-W, et al. BMJ 2020;369:m2195. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m2195

Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Derek K Chu, Elie A Akl, Stephanie Duda, Karla Solo, Sally Yaacoub, Holger J Schünemann, on behalf of the COVID-19 Systematic Urgent Review Group Effort (SURGE) study author, Lancet 2020; 395: 1973–87

Low-cost measurement of facemask efficacy for filtering expelled droplets during speech, Fischer et al., Sci. Adv. 10.1126/sciadv.abd3083 (2020)
Article qui étudie le pouvoir de filtration de plusieurs types de masque avec photos et un tableau synthèse.

Masks for Prevention of Respiratory Virus Infections, Including SARS-CoV-2, in Health Care and Community Settings A Living Rapid Review, Roger Chou, MD; Tracy Dana, MLS; Rebecca Jungbauer, DrPH; Chandler Weeks, MPH; and Marian S. McDonagh, PharmD. Ann Intern Med. doi:10.7326/M20-3213

Effect of moist heat reprocessing of N95 respirators on SARS-CoV-2 inactivation and respirator function, CMAJ Jul 2020, cmaj.201203; DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.201203

The temporal association of introducing and lifting non-pharmaceutical interventions with the time-varying reproduction number (R) of SARS-CoV-2: a modelling study across 131 countries, The Lancet Infectious diseases, October 22, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30785-4
Article intéressant qui démontre les délais et quelles activités ont le plus d'effet sur la transmission, comme les rassemblements publics et les écoles.

Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis, The Lancet, Published:June 01, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31142-9

COVID-19: Prevention, Rebel-EM

Decontamination and Reuse of Filtering Facepiece Respirators, CDC

COVID-19: Distancing Works, N95 Respirators Work Better, Medscape EM, R M Kirkner, June 01, 2020

The art of medicine, A history of the medical mask and the rise of throwaway culture, The Lancet, Published Online May 22, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31207-1

Face Masks Against COVID-19: An Evidence Review, Preprint (PDF Available) · April 2020, DOI: 10.20944/preprints202004.0203.v1

A RAPID SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE EFFICACY OF FACE MASKS AND RESPIRATORS AGAINST CORONAVIRUSES AND OTHER RESPIRATORY TRANSMISSIBLE VIRUSES FOR THE COMMUNITY, HEALTHCARE WORKERS AND SICK PATIENTS, C. R MacIntyrea and A A Chughtaib, Int J Nurs Stud. 2020 Apr 30 : 103629. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103629 [Epub ahead of print]

Aerosol Filtration Efficiency of Common Fabrics Used in Respiratory Cloth Masks, ACS Nano 2020, 14, 5, 6339–6347, Publication Date:April 24, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.0c03252

The efficiency of surgical masks of varying design and composition, Louis B. Quesnel, Br J Surg. 1975 Dec; 62(12): 936–940. Published online 2005 Dec 7. doi:10.1002/bjs.1800621203

Simple Respiratory Protection—Evaluation of the Filtration Performance of Cloth Masks and Common Fabric Materials Against 20–1000 nm Size Particles, S Rengasamy, B Eimer, R E. Shaffer, The Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Volume 54, Issue 7, October 2010, Pages 789–798, https://doi.org/10.1093/annhyg/meq044

Professional and Home-Made Face Masks Reduce Exposure to Respiratory Infections among the General Population, M van der Sande ,PTeunis,R Sabel, Plos One, Published: July 9, 2008https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002618

Medical masks vs N95 respirators for preventing COVID-19 in healthcare workers: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Bartoszko JJ, Farooqi MAM, Alhazzani W, et al. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2020 Apr 4. doi: 10.1111/irv.12745. (Systematic review)

Exposure to a surrogate measure of contamination from simulated patients by emergency department personnel wearing personal protective equipment. Feldman O et al. JAMA 2020 Apr 27; [e-pub]. (https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.6633)

Avis sur le port de la visière et du couvre-visage par les travailleurs, Direction des risques biologiques et de la santé au travail, INSPQ, 3 mai 2020

How effective are face masks in operation theatre? A time frame analysis and recommendations. Kelkar U, Gogate B, Kurpad S, Gogate P, Deshpande M. (2013) International Journal of Infection Control 9(1): 1–6

Influence of wearing time on efficacy of disposable surgical masks as microbial barrier, Barbosa Maria Helena, Graziano Kazuko Uchikawa. Braz. J. Microbiol. [Internet]. 2006 Sep [cited 2020 Apr 07] ; 37( 3 ): 216-217.

Do theatre staff use face masks in accordance with the manufacturers' guidelines of use? Herron JBT, Kuht JA, Hussain AZ, Gens KK, Gilliam AD. J Infect Prev. 2019 Mar;20(2):99-106. doi: 10.1177/1757177418815551. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Decontamination and Reuse of N95 Respirators with Hydrogen Peroxide Vapor 1 to Address Worldwide Personal Protective Equipment Shortages During the 2 SARS‐CoV‐2 (COVID‐19) Pandemic

Face masks for the public during the covid-19 crisis, BMJ 2020; 369 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1435 (Published 09 April 2020)