Enfant, sédation

Guidelines for Monitoring and Management of Pediatric Patients Before, During, and After Sedation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures: Update 2016, American Academy of Pediatrics

PICU Pathway for Sedation/Analgesia in the Mechanically Ventilated Patient, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Analgesia and Sedation  in Hospitalized Children

Sédation procédurale

La sédation-analgésie - Collège des médecins du Québec, 2015

Clinical policy: procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department. Godwin SA, Burton JH, Gerardo CJ, Hatten BW, Mace SE, Silvers SM, Fesmire FM; American College of Emergency Physicians. Ann Emerg Med. 2014 Feb;63(2):247-58.e18. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2013.10.015. Review.


Optimal dosing of intravenous ketamine for procedural sedation in children in the ED—a randomized controlled trial. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, Volume 34, Issue 8, August 2016, Pages 1347-1353

A Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing Ketamine versus Fentanyl for Procedural Sedation in the Emergency Department for Adults with Isolated Extremity Injury.

Adverse Events During a Randomized Trial of Ketamine Versus Co-Administration of Ketamine and Propofol for Procedural Sedation in a Pediatric Emergency Department. J Emerg Med. 2017 Apr 19. pii: S0736-4679(17)30238-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2017.03.024. [Epub ahead of print]

Ketamine is not associated with elevation of intraocular pressure during procedural sedation, Am J Emerg Med. 2012 Sep; 30(7): 1215–1218. Published online 2011 Dec 12. doi:  [10.1016/j.ajem.2011.06.001]

The ketamine effect on ICP in traumatic brain injury. Neurocrit Care. 2014 Aug;21(1):163-73. doi: 10.1007/s12028-013-9950-y

A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials: combination of ketamine and propofol versus ketamine alone for procedural sedation and analgesia in children. Hu Y, Xu W, Cao F. Intern Emerg Med. 2019 Sep 6. doi: 10.1007/s11739-019-02173-6. [Epub ahead of print] Review.


Clinical Practice Guideline for Emergency Department Procedural Sedation With Propofol: 2018 Update, Miller KA, Andolfatto G, Miner JR, Burton JH, Krauss BS. Ann Emerg Med. 2019 Feb 4. pii: S0196-0644(18)31576-2. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.12.012. [Epub ahead of print]

Propofol: a review of its role in pediatric anesthesia and sedation. Chidambaran V, Costandi A, D'Mello A. CNS Drugs. 2015 Jul;29(7):543-63. doi: 10.1007/s40263-015-0259-6. Erratum in: CNS Drugs. 2018 Sep;32(9):873. PMID: 26290263; PMCID: PMC4554966.


The ED-SED Study: A Multicenter, Prospective Cohort Study of Practice Patterns and Clinical Outcomes Associated With Emergency Department SEDation for Mechanically Ventilated Patients. Fuller BM, Roberts BW, Mohr NM, Knight WA 4th, Adeoye O, Pappal RD, Marshall S, Alunday R, Dettmer M, Goyal M, Gibson C, Levine BJ, Gardner-Gray JM, Mosier J, Dargin J, Mackay F, Johnson NJ, Lokhandwala S, Hough CL, Tonna JE, Tsolinas R, Lin F, Qasim ZA, Harvey CE, Bassin B, Stephens RJ, Yan Y, Carpenter CR, Kollef MH, Avidan MS.,Crit Care Med. 2019 Nov;47(11):1539-1548. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003928

ED sedation deph status agents

Sedation and analgesia in the mechanically ventilated patient. Patel SB, Kress JP. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Mar 1;185(5):486-97. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201102-0273CI. Epub 2011 Oct 20. Review.

Post-Intubation Sedation, EMRA, 8/9/2017 

Post-intubation analgesia/sedation regimens in ED: Pearls & Pitfalls, emDocs, Oct 11th, 2016